Tasbīḥ (Arabic: تَـسْـبِـيْـح) is a form of dhikr that involves the repetitive utterances of short sentences in the praise and glorification of Allah in Islam, by saying Subḥānallāh (سُـبْـحَـانَ ٱلله, meaning “God is perfect (free of any errors/defects)”). To keep track of counting either the phalanges of the right hand or a misbaha is used.
The term tasbeeh is based on 3 root letters i.e. ‘س [seen], ب [ba] , ح [ha]’ of the Arabic language. The meaning of the root word when written means to glorify. ‘Tasbeeh’ is an irregular derivation from subhan, which is the first word of the constitutive sentence of the first third of the canonical form (see below) of tasbeeh. The word literally means, as a verb, “to travel swiftly” and, as a noun, “duties” or “occupation”. However, in the devotional context, tasbih refers to Subhana Allah, which is often used in the Qur’an with the preposition ‘an (عن), meaning “‘God is [de]void’ [of what they (polytheists) attribute to Him]” (Al-Tawba: 31, Al-Zumar: 67 et al.). Without this preposition, it means something like “Glory be to God.”